Are you seeing a white powdery layer on your wall? The white stuff is called efflorescence, and it’s pretty common in the masonry walls. Are you curious about what causes efflorescence and how to get rid of it?
Well, you’ve come to the right place then!
Does efflorescence mean the basement leaks?
Yes, the leakage of the basement wall causes efflorescence. The leaked water gets in touch with the concrete or masonry wall. The main components of concrete are different types of salts and minerals. The water reacts with the salt and creates efflorescence. Don’t worry as there are many ways to remove it.
This was just the initial idea about efflorescence. We’ve got detailed information about why efflorescence appears.
Let’s jump into it!
Why Does Efflorescence Appear?
Efflorescence is the white powdery, flake-like stuff you see on your wall. It’s usually seen in concrete and masonry walls. Though it looks a bit like mold, it’s not caused by fungi or any kind of parasite.
But, it’s as annoying as clogged water due to construction.
The main reason for efflorescence is water, more specifically, leaking water from the plumbing lines. But sipping rainwater can cause the problem too. The leaked water reacts with salt and creates efflorescence.
You see, concrete and masonry are actually types of minerals or salts. If there is any crack in your wall, leaking water can come in contact with the salt. Then water and salt react, and efflorescence appears on your wall. It is mostly seen on the basement walls.
Is Efflorescence A Necessity Evil?
Watching white flake-like stuff is undoubtedly annoying. But efflorescence does have a vital role to play. You see, sometimes we tend to overlook the leaks on our walls. Even if we see leaking water, many people usually don’t fix the problem immediately. And, it can lead to severe problems in the long run, like the structural problem.
With efflorescence, you can clearly see you have a water leaking problem. It gives you an urge to fix that problem as soon as possible. Thus it increases the longevity of your wall.
Is There An Easy Fix?
The first thing that may come to your mind after seeing efflorescence is how to clean it up. Well, you can surely rub it off with a brush. But it’ll never fix the main problem.
Once you clean up the efflorescence off your wall, it will appear just after a few days. And if you continue doing that, the rubbing will permanently damage your wall surface.
If you don’t solve the leakage problem, the wall will start losing strength. And remember, walls can also heat up due to the fireplace.
Can You Ignore This Issue?
There’s a possibility that efflorescence doesn’t bother you at all. You’re probably planning on putting something in front of the wall with efflorescence to hide it. But dodging the problem will eventually make it even more severe.
Leaked water slowly makes the wall weaker over time. Considering this long-term issue, you must identify the leak and fix it.
Should You Try To Fix It Yourself?
As we’ve mentioned before, the main cause of the efflorescence is water. Through cracks, water comes in contact with the wall. Then it reacts with the minerals and creates efflorescence.
To fix the problem, you have to detect the cracks first. Then you can use sealant or some sort of chemical to stop the crack. If you’re not experienced with this sort of work, you’ll have a hard time doing this.
It can be difficult to find the right chemicals and tools. Hence, if you’re not confident enough, we recommend you to leave this to the professionals.
How To Fix The Leak?
If you possess some knowledge and a little bit of experience in this field, you can do it yourself. You’ll have to take different approaches based on the location of the problem. Here we have described those briefly.
If The Problem Is Internal
When you figure out that the problem is internal, you must install an interior waterproofing system. For example- drainage systems, sump pumps, etc. You can also seal the cracks with sealer or epoxy.
Remember, some sealers can be toxic to inhale just like paint fumes. You must choose cautiously. Here are some of the safe sealers you can choose from-
If The Problem Is External
The solution to the external problem is similar to the interior one. In this case, you have to install external waterproofing systems. You must also seal any exterior cracks so that rainwater can’t reach the concrete wall.
How You Can Remove The Efflorescence?
Efflorescence diminishes the beauty of your wall. After solving the problem, you must get rid of it to apply a sealant over the wall.
There are several ways to remove efflorescence from the wall. The most common way is to scrub it off vigorously with a brush. But be careful not to damage the outer layer of the wall.
You can get rid of it with pressurized water. Applying diluted vinegar gives a good result too. Lastly, acrylic coatings and other water repellents can help you remove efflorescence as well.
How To PreventThis Problem?
Prevention is always better than cure. It’s better if you take preventive measures to save your wall before the efflorescence appears. It will help your wall to last much longer.
For that, you must check your plumbing lines regularly whether there’s any leak or not. While building the wall, you can put polythene sheets between the soil and brick. You can try to install grout with mechanical vibration.
Adding chemical additives to the grout reduces its water content and gaps in between. Densely tooled mortar joints help prevent efflorescence. Apply proper sealant on the exterior and interior walls.
You can also install waterproofing systems to be extra safe. By following these, you can avoid efflorescence on your wall. But it’s wise not to caulk over sealed grout.
There you have it! We hope we could clear out a lot of your confusion about efflorescence.
Question: Does a dehumidifier prevent efflorescence?
Answer: The dehumidifier makes the air drier. And water can react more easily with the minerals in the drier environment. Dehumidifiers don’t prevent efflorescence. You must stop the water leakage to stop it.
Question: Does white vinegar remove efflorescence?
Answer: Yes, using white vinegar to remove efflorescence is a very effective method. Take water and vinegar in a 1:1 ratio and apply the mixture to the efflorescence. The acidity of the vinegar will break down the salt crystal and eventually remove it.
Question: Should I paint over efflorescence?
Answer: No, it is suggested not to paint over the efflorescence. If the leakage continues, the efflorescence will again appear on the new paint and ruin it. So stop the efflorescence first and then paint on the wall.
Now you have the answer to your question, does efflorescence mean the basement leaks. Hope now you have a better understanding of efflorescence on the wall.
If you face this problem, try to solve it immediately. Seek help from a professional when you find anything you’re not sure about.
Wish you all the best!