A paver walkway can really enhance the look of a house porch. But hiring a professional for that may be out of your budget. And installing it by yourself seems really intimidating.
Let me assure you that it’s not.
So, how to install a paver walkway as a beginner?
Decide where you want your paver walkway installed. Prepare the materials and mark the space and dig out the soil 4-6 inches deep. Level the ground properly, and spread a thick layer of gravel on top of the soil. Create a compact base, use a tamper to even things out, and lay down your pavers.
In this article, I will give you a beginner-friendly step-by-step guide to installing a paver walkway.
Keep on reading.
Why You Need To Install A Paver Walkway
A DIY project that can increase the value of your house is a paver patio. The patio type doesn’t need a lot of upkeep. Depending on what you desire, the price of installing a patio will change.
Measurements must be made, including the overall depth of your ground level. Along with other things, you’ll need to understand how to build paver edging.
A paver walkway is difficult to remove and replace, so keep that in mind. If you have the necessary tools, the installation isn’t a difficult task. Likewise, installing a baseboard as a beginner is doable too with an easy-to-follow guide.
Tools You Need To Install A Paver Walkway
Gather the tools and materials below before starting your DIY paver walkway installation project –
- Flathead Shovel/Square spade shovel
- Transfer Shovel
- 8”x8” Tamper Tool/Plate Compactor
- Garden Plastic Edger
- Garden Aluminum Edger
- Fluorescent Garden Spray Paint
- Weed Barrier Roll
Here are the materials you’ll need for the DIY project –
- Paver Base
- Paver Sand
- Exotic Pebbles Rocks
- Mini Show White Pebbles
- Pavers (Any kind you prefer)
You’ll come across the guide in the section.
Step-By-Step Guide To Install A Paver Walkway
After you gather the materials and tools, it’s time to get to work –
Step 1: Planning And Laying Things Out
The first thing to do is to plan the area that will be paved. Choose the location of your pavers and check to see if there is enough room for them.
Use graph paper to draw the area and measure your plan. To create the outline of your paved area, lay out your intended area using a hose or some wood. Next, draw a line or spray paint the outline about eight inches outside of it.
Alternatively, use a pair of pins and rope to straighten the outline of the paver walkway. Using the spray paint, paint a straight line following the rope.
Step 2: Calculation
Measure the width and length of the walkway using a measuring tape. 3 feet width is the ideal width in my opinion. Measure out the pavers you’ll use. Keep a space of 2-3 inches around each paver.
For a mathematically accurate calculation –
To pave the area you want, first measure its length and width with measuring tape.
The width and length should then be multiplied. You may calculate the area to be paved square footage using the outcome.
In order to account for the pavers that will be cut to fit curves and odd spaces, you should always add 5% to this estimate. If you anticipate cutting a lot of pavers, increase your estimate by 10%.
The paver coverage rate, which can be received from your supplier, should then be multiplied by the area’s square footage. The pacing of pavers depends on the size and shape you are choosing for your pavers.
Step 3: Excavate The Walkway
To allow for water drainage, the slab should slope downhill and away from the house. Keep a distance of 1 inch between every 4 inches. Around the parameter, drive stakes and mark them with the slope decline.
To have a reference for height level, use a rope and tie them on stakes. Then use spray paint to mark the line and remove the rope.
Spray paint is similar to using an airless Graco spray paint outside.
Determine the total excavation depth required. Calculate the 4-6 inches necessary for the base, 1 inch of sand pavers, and the thickness of the paver. And you’ll have the inches you need to excavate.
You have the numbers for how many inches you have to excavate. Dig to the specified depth, and compact the dirt using a tamper tool or plate compactor.
Excavation is the most difficult task of this project. If you can, get someone to help you. The process will be easier.
Step 4: Lay Down Weed Barrier Sheet
As soon as you’re done with the excavation, lay down a sheet of weed barrier. You don’t want weeds growing out of your paver walkway. To stop the weed from growing out, lay down a sheet of weed barrier on the ground.
It’s going to save you time and effort to clean out the weed in the future. Use an edger around to have a nice, clean edge. Peg the edger down with a nail and a hammer.
Step 5: Laying Down the Base Material
Move on to laying down base material. In most cases, crushed rock, such as 3/4-minus gravel, makes up the basic material. It is also called paver base.
Sharp-edged stones of various sizes make up the crushed rock. Compaction is made simple by the sharp edges and size variation. Compacting is greatly facilitated by the use of crushed gravel that contains some moisture.
Lay the foundation to a thickness appropriate for the depth of your excavated ground. The weight of the base pavers depends on your preference for depth.. I used 8 bags of base paver for my walkway.
Spread the base with a shovel, and even them out with a bow rake. Use your tamper tool or plate compactor to even out the ground.
You’ll end up with a ground depth of 3 inches. That would be enough to install the pavers, grass, and decoration stones.
Step 6: Lay and Spread the Paver Sand
Before installing the paver, lay down a layer of paver sand or sand bedding. The pavers are placed into this layer, which serves as a bed.
The sand pavers help to prevent the sand joints from eroding. PVC pipe with a diameter of 1 inch should be laid across the bass material.
A layer of sand between one and one and a half inches thick should then be spread. Spread the sand with a plank so that you can see the PVC. Remove the PVC pipe with care.
An inch-thick layer of consistent sand is guaranteed by this method. The right kind of sand to utilize for bedding purposes can be suggested by your material provider.
Step 7: Install The Pavers
Use the temper tool to make the sand bed compact. Lay down the pavers one by one. Make sure to keep an even distance between every paver. Ideally, 5 inches is a good distance between each paver. Use a leveler to level things out.
The process can be easier with a string line to use as a reference.
Finally, lay down the decorative stones/rocks you bought. Spread them around each of the pavers. Level them with a bow rake.
With this step, you are finished with your paver walkway installation as a beginner.
Paver Walkway Maintenance
If pavers have been installed properly, maintenance is typically not a problem. Your paved surfaces should perform and be used consistently as a whole.
To keep your pavers’ color and appearance, you might need to reseal them periodically. Additionally, it aids in shielding the pavers from stains, algae, and loss of joint sand. Regularly clean the pavers by sweeping them.
This is especially important if your pavers are in shaded or wet places since moss growth and efflorescence (chalky salt deposits) might occur there.
Just like a paver walkway, a floating deck adds great value to your property too. Even as a beginner you can install a floating deck by yourself.
Can you lay pavers on just dirt?
Normally, it is not advised to place pavers directly on top of the dirt. The ground or dirt floor needs to be dug out, leveled, and firmly compacted. Only then it will be possible for pavers to appear good and function properly. So, properly prepare the ground for the permanently installed pavers.
What do you put under pavers?
First, Put a layer of compacted base over the leveled dirt floor. Spread a layer of bedding sand over the base paver before you install the pavers. The pavers are placed into this layer, which serves as a bed. The sand bedding also aids in preventing erosion of the sand joints.
Is gravel necessary under pavers?
Only the base that your pavers are resting on will ensure their stability. Because of this, you must spread a thick layer of gravel on top of the dirt foundation. Utilize road foundation gravel to obtain the ideal blend of fine and coarse pebbles. This will ensure an optimum compact base.
That covers everything you need to know about installing a paver walkway as a beginner.
The steps and guidance I provided cover everything, so follow them accordingly and you’ll be fine. By the end of following this guide, you will have installed a pristine paver walkway.
See you soon on another home improvement article!