So you’ve brought home a pomegranate tree for your yard. But alas! You don’t know how to prune the tree. If that’s the case then you’re in the perfect place.
How to prune a pomegranate tree?
To prune a pomegranate tree, you mostly have to trim the sucker and water sprouts. But make sure you leave some trunks behind. After that get rid of diseased and damaged parts of the pomegranate plant. Finally cut inward facing branches that block the sunlight.
Intrigued by what you’re seeing? Well then, let’s dive into the depths of this matter as this is only the tip of the iceberg!
Why Should You Prune a Pomegranate Tree?
We know how rewarding growing a pomegranate tree is. So we understand that taking its best care is of utmost importance to you. Although a pomegranate tree in the wild doesn’t need much pruning. But if you want to cultivate a pomegranate tree you need to prune it.
Unlike other flowering plants, pomegranate trees don’t require installing a flower bed drainage. So, most of the debris of the pomegranate tree should be cleaned via pruning.
Moreover, pruning will help your tree to bear more fruits. Hence, getting rid of excess suckers will enable your tree to focus its energy on bearing fruits.
Pruning also helps because the criss-cross branches also get in the way of your pomegranate tree from growing properly.
Plus, cleaning out excess branches from the crown part helps the tree to get more sunshine. The more sunshine and air a tree gets the better it will grow.
For aesthetic purposes trimming dead, diseased, and damaged branches are necessary. As it will provide the tree with the desired look.
Pruning is also crucial for shaping a pomegranate tree and makes harvesting easy!
When to Prune a Pomegranate Tree?
By now we know that trimming a pomegranate tree is essential. So now the question arises, exactly when should we prune a pomegranate tree?
The best time to prune a pomegranate tree is in late winter. This is because this is their dormant phase. Moreover, the frost from the ground should dissolve by then.
This is also the time a pomegranate tree prepares itself for budding in spring. So, we can understand how crucial this time is.
That’s why most of the heavy-duty pruning of pomegranate trees is done in late winter.
Other than winter, suckers and water sprouts should be trimmed all around the year. They should be pruned as soon as they come up. So that they don’t take up much energy from the main plant.
Pruning a Pomegranate Tree – 2 Distinct Ways!
There are a lot of ways in which we can prune a pomegranate tree. Pruning can vary depending on your needs.
Some of you would want to cultivate pomegranate for food production. Whereas others might want pomegranate trees as decorative pieces.
So depending on the needs each of these requires different types of pruning.
One more thing to keep in mind is that pomegranate trees don’t grow well in wooded backyards. So first clear the wooded backyard before pruning.
So without further ado let’s get into the different process!
Food Producing Pomegranate Trees
Generally speaking, food-producing pomegranate trees belong to one of two systems. They are – multi-trunk systems and single-trunk systems.
Method for Pruning Multi-Trunk Trees
The step-by-step process of pruning multi-trunk system pomegranate trees is given below. Here we have divided the sections according to the age of the tree.
Taking Care Of Your PomeAfter Planting
After planting a multi-trunk pomegranate tree you should prune it heavily at first. Cut into the pomegranate tree 24-30 inch with a pruning shear. Keep only 3-6 trunks and remove all the other suckers from the pomegranate tree.
Taking Care Of Your One-Year-Old Pomegranate Plant
After the first year, keep pruning additional suckers as they arrive. During the dormant period of winter prune the branches by ⅓. On top of that remove crossing branches.
Make sure to cut inward-facing branches as they will block sunlight. You only want to keep the outward-facing branches.
Taking Care Of Your Plant Over Three Years Old Or More
After the third year, you need to prune lightly. Start by pruning suckers and water sprouts. Then in winter get rid of the diseased and damaged part of the tree.
Refrain from pruning too much of your pomegranate tree. Doing too much will result in no yield.
Heavy pruning can help increase pomegranate production for plants that aren’t producing as much. This way growth spurts can be induced.
Method for Single-Trunk System
Pruning of both types of plants is similar for the first 2-3 years. Wait till the plant is at least 3-4 feet tall.
After that select 1-3 shoots you want to keep as your main trunk. Keeping these aside remove the rest of the shoots.
Make sure to cut the shoots from the root. The roots of pomegranate trees are different from other trees like the root system of pine trees. So, be careful while cutting the shoots from the roots.
Sometimes a trunk might die. In that case, wait for a shoot or sucker to grow and replace the old trunk. Continue to trim additional suckers throughout the years.
Ornamental Pomegranate Trees
If your primary goal is to prepare a visually pleasing tree then the process of pruning is different.
Ornamental trees usually require a bit of shaping. So cut around 1/4th of the ends of the branch lightly with pruning spears. But make sure you don’t go overboard with this.
On top of this, you need to thin out weak, damaged, and diseased branches. Get rid of suckers and water sprouts by cutting them to their base.
Continue this light shaping for the rest of the time being. These types of pruning encourage the pomegranate tree to maintain its natural structure. Moreover, it also reduces disease vectors.
That’s basically how you prune a pomegranate tree.
Question: What is the lifespan of a pomegranate tree?
Answer: A pomegranate tree can live up to 200 years. However, it stops bearing fruits once it reaches 15-20 years. Moreover, if the tree is for ornamental purposes, it might look a little shabby.
Question: Can I use excess suckers to plant another pomegranate tree?
Answer: Yes, you can use suckers to plant another pomegranate tree. Simply plant these suckers in a different spot and a new pomegranate tree will grow. Make sure you properly water and prune your trees.
Question: How can I prevent my pomegranate tree from diseases?
Answer: Regular pruning will prevent your pomegranate tree from getting diseases. As pruning makes your trees get appropriate sunshine and air. Hence keeping it healthy throughout the season.
Finally, we’ve come to the end of our segment! Make sure to follow all the steps we have provided on how to prune a pomegranate tree. For any queries, leave us a comment below!
Until next time!