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How To Refinish Pine Floor? [5-Step Guide]

It’s been a long time since you installed the pine floor. You want to refinish the pine floor to make it look good again. But you do not know how to refinish pine floor.

Don’t worry because we are happy to guide you through the process!

How to refinish pine floor?

Refinishing pine floors is a difficult task unless you know the whole process. The first step is to empty the room. Then examine the room including the baseboard to look for cracks and gouges. Identify the finishing and sand the finish. Finally, apply the stain before you apply the finish. 

If you’re willing to learn more about refinishing pine floors, keep on reading. We have prepared a step-by-step process that will help you.

Let’s get down to the process!

Things To Consider Before Refinishing Pine Floor

There are a few things to consider before you get started with the refinishing process. You must bear this in mind while you get on to your DIY project. Don’t be startles, we’ve mentioned the things you need to consider below-


Pinewood is an expensive wood to deal with since it is highly durable and difficult to install. It is known to be one of the best wood for basement stair floors. 

The cost of refinishing the pine floor varies from $4 to $8 per square foot. The price is a bit high because the contractor needs to do the work carefully. As pine can easily be dented or scratched.

In total, it would cost from $1000 to $2000 for the whole task to be completed. Sometimes the task is huge and complicated for which the professionals might charge up to $4000.


We would recommend you to wear safety masks and goggles to protect your eyes from chemicals. You may choose to wear gloves for preventing coat contact but they don’t cause serious harm.

A respirator must be used for protecting yourself from dust and fumes. Using a respirator is quite easy. The respirator has a lash belt that fits into all head sizes/ Thus you don’t have to worry about fitting. 

You can purchase your respirator from our suggestions below-

Product 1
Product 2 

These are the best ones in the market. And you can use this without any worries!

How to Refinish Pine Floor? 5 Easy Steps

For beginners, this task can seem a tad bit complicated. But it can get a lot easier if you follow our instructions. Our 5 easy step-by-step guides will help you through the process.

Tools Required 

Now before you dive right into the process, gather all the things you’d need for this project. Having everything on hand will save you a lot of time.

  • Hammer
  • Carpenter’s level
  • Lacquer thinner
  • Paint thinner
  • Plastic sheeting
  • Masking tape
  • Rubbing alcohol
  • Ammonia
  • Xylene or toluene
  • Bucket 
  • Paintbrush
  • Lamb’s wool applicator
  • Sealer
  • Stain
  • Sandpaper 
  • Mop
  • Vacuum cleaner
  • Clean and soft cloths
  • Drum, belt or orbital sandpaper

Now that you have gathered the tools, let’s get started!

Step 1: Empty the Room

Before spreading sawdust throughout the entire room, take everything out. This is because sawdust could possibly damage electronic appliances, furnaces, and other machines. 

Since sawdust is messy, close the windows before spreading them. If there are floor vents present, remove them and cover them. Also cover electrical switches to prevent sawdust from going inside.

Step 2: Examine the Room

Check the baseboard trim which is above the floor and examine their condition. If they’re torn up and damaged, replace them with a new one.

To remove the damaged baseboard trim, use the opposite side of the hammer and pull it off. Remove old masking tape from the surface of the wood.

There might be cracks and gouges which need to be fixed. Spots that are identified can be examined by recognizing if they are high or low.

Filling the pinpoint spots is a possible solution to damaged and old floors. Finally, drive nails below the surface which are sticking up.

Step 3: Identify and Sand the Finish

If you know what finish is the existing finish, you don’t need to worry about identifying the finish. If you don’t know, you should definitely test the finish.

There are different types of finishes and their identification tests are done differently. We would recommend this step to be carried out by a professional as it’s a dangerous task.

Some common finishes are polyurethane, shellac, lacquer, tung oil, linseed oil, and wax. Keep in mind that while sanding, sand the floor to the bare wood if polyurethane is not used.

In the sanding process, the floor should be kept clean to avoid damaging the floor. And also to use sandpaper efficiently. You can use a sander of your choice. Some common sanders are orbital, drum, and belt sanders. 

The sander should be fitted with 40 grit sandpaper at first then 60 and 100. Sand every target spot on the floor until the finish is removed and wood is leveled.

Watch out for high and edge areas where sanding will be done by hand sander.

Step 4: Apply the Stain

Before you apply stain, spread a sealer because it blocks all the pores while applying the stain. Pinewood is good at absorbing stain fast so apply stain on the wood as you wish.

When the sealer is dry, rub a stain on it. Ensure that the product that you’re using goes with chemicals that already exist. Follow the manufacturer’s instructions to be successful.

Step 5: Apply The Finish

This is the most difficult and final part of the task. Start by using a brush around the corners of the room. You can use purdy or wooster for this or any other brush you like.

For example, assume you’re using semi-gloss polyurethane. Then we’ll get to the center of the room. To color efficiently, use a lamb’s wool applicator to spread the color around. Follow a pattern and plan a strategic way of applying polyurethane to prevent stepping on wet floors.

Following the grain pattern is a great way to apply the coating. You may choose to color by walking backward without damaging the floor.

It takes at least 24 hours for the floor to get dry and hard. When you know it’s dry and hard, start sanding the floor by using 120-grit sandpaper.

After the sanding process, use a wet mop to clean the dust. Again, apply polyurethane coating before you start replacing baseboards and furniture. 

Overall, you should apply the coat then sand the floor and reapply the coat again. And there you have it!


Question: Can you refinish floors yourself?

Answer: If there are very minor scratches or dents then you might do it to save money. Remember that this task is difficult and calling a professional for assistance is the best option to do it.

Question: Can you change the color of the pine floors?

Answer: Yes! The color of the pine floor can be changed. Soon after you are done refinishing the pine floor, any paint can be done.

Question: Can I sand floors myself?

Answer: The answer is yes. Sanding the floor can be done without any help and sometimes homeowners do it better than a handyman. This process might take time but it is easy to do and requires no experience. Hence, you can save money by doing it yourself.


Now that you know how to refinish pine floor, make good use of that knowledge. It is advised to refinish every six years to maintain the pine floor and make it look gorgeous.

The Pine floor lasts for a long time so be sure to take care of it. 

Good luck!